Why does my Surface Pro keep shutting down for no reason? How do I stop my Surface Pro screen from turning off? You may ask for these two questions and attempt to look for reasons & solutions. Fortunately, MiniTool introduces the culprits behind the random shutdown & multiple troubleshooting tricks in this post.

Surface Pro Shuts Down Randomly

Microsoft Surface Pro refers to a series of products that enable you to use the usability and functionality of a tablet and offer powerful performance & features of a laptop. Surface Pro 10, 9, 8, 7+, 7, 6, etc. are some versions of Surface. Although Microsoft Surface devices provide versatility, some issues frustrate you and the common one is Surface Pro Keeps shutting down.

To be specific, a random shutdown happens on your Surface Pro during work or when playing games/browsing the Internet, which is very vexing. You may not be able to save your work, which is a major headache.

Why Surface Pro keeps turning off? Many possible factors are responsible for a Surface Pro random shutdown, as follows:

  1. Outdated or damaged device drivers
  2. Surface Pro overheating
  3. Improper power management settings
  4. Your Surface Pro may have viruses or malicious software
  5. Battery or power supply issues
  6. Hardware issues

Regardless of the reasons, the top priority should be looking for fixes to address this issue. We will introduce some troubleshooting tricks to help you out below.

How to Fix Microsoft Surface Black Screen with Logo/Cursor?
How to Fix Microsoft Surface Black Screen with Logo/Cursor?

How to fix Microsoft Surface black screen with logo/cursor? If your Surface Pro 7/4/3 screen goes black randomly, try these fixes to solve it.

Read More

Suggestion: Back up Files Before Proceeding

When your Surface Pro keeps shutting down, your data is at risk of losing for potential reasons. Hence, we recommend having a backup of the crucial files. Speaking of data backup, MiniTool ShadowMaker, one of the best backup software stands out from many similar products.

It enables you to automatically back up files at a configured time point and create backups for only changed & newly added data. Right now, get this backup program and then use it to create file backups in Windows 11/10 before fixing the random shutdown issue.

MiniTool ShadowMaker TrialClick to Download100%Clean & Safe

How to back up files on Surface Pro 10/8/7+/7/6:

Step 1: Connect your target drive to a PC, launch MiniTool ShadowMaker on your Surface Pro and tap on Keep Trial.

Step 2: Head to Backup and click SOURCE > Folders and Files. Then, check the files you want to back up and click OK.

choose files to back up

Step 3: Click DESTINATION and choose a USB drive or external drive to save the backed-up image file.

Step 4: Start file backup by clicking Back Up Now.

MiniTool ShadowMaker file backup

After creating a backup for your significant files, start troubleshooting your issue.

Fix 1: Force the Surface Pro to Shut Down

When a Surface Pro keeps shutting down, you can force this device to shut down. This process will reset your PC hardware and clear cache & memory to solve some issues. So, have a try.

Step 1: Press the Power button until this device turns off and then restarts. This will take around 20 seconds.

Step 2: Release this button until you see the Windows logo on the screen.

If Surface Pro random shutdown still happens, continue troubleshooting.

Fix 2: Update Windows 11/10

Make sure your Surface device runs the latest operating system since sometimes the updates offered by Microsoft include bug/issue fixes.

To avoid potential data loss or crashes, remember to back up your files or system before installing updates. Do this task with MiniTool ShadowMaker, as mentioned above.

MiniTool ShadowMaker TrialClick to Download100%Clean & Safe

Try this way when your Surface Pro shuts down randomly:

Step 1: Click the Start button and choose Settings.

Step 2: Go to Update & Security > Windows Update (Windows 10) or go to Windows Update (Windows 11).

Step 3: Check for updates and see if there are some available updates. If yes, download & install them on the Surface Pro.

check for updates
How to Fix Windows 11/10 Settings Cashing/Freezing/Stuck
How to Fix Windows 11/10 Settings Cashing/Freezing/Stuck

What if Windows Settings keeps crashing, freezes, or gets stuck on Windows 11/10 PCs? From this post, you can find useful solutions.

Read More

Then, check if random shutdowns happen on your Surface Pro. If this cannot do the trick, try other fixes.

Fix 3: Update Your Firmware and Drivers

Another thing you should do is checking for updates of Surface’s firmware and drivers. As stated above, outdated device drivers could cause issues with a Surface device including unexpected shutdowns. Make sure to keep your PC with the latest drivers and firmware updates in addition to Windows updates when a Surface Pro keeps shutting down.

Microsoft Surface Drivers and Firmware Download and Update
Microsoft Surface Drivers and Firmware Download and Update

This post will tell you how to download and update drivers and firmware for Microsoft Surface and some other related information.

Read More

Step 1: Get your Surface device model – type surface to the search box and view Device Information, then note down the value of Surface model.

Step 2: Check the Windows version by going to Settings > System > About.

Step 3: Visit the page of Download drivers and firmware for Surface, and then you will find some ways to update device drivers and firmware. Scroll down to the Manually update Surface drivers and firmware section and choose your Surface device model.

choose Surface model for firmware and device update

Step 4: Tap on the given link based on your Surface Pro model, then enter the Download Center details page, and click the Download button.

Step 5: Choose the proper .msi file to download based on your Windows version.

download Surface Pro msi

Step 6: Run the downloaded file and follow the prompts to complete the update installation.

After that, restart the Surface and see if it still keeps turning off.

Fix 4: Adjust Power Settings

When Sleep Mode works as intended, it is a good way to economize the PC battery. At the same time, you can access your PC in seconds when needed. However, it doesn’t always work in this manner and can trigger random shutdowns.

In some cases, enabling Sleep Mode can let the device fully shut down rather than put it in brief hibernation. To address your issue, adjust the power settings to disable Sleep Mode.

Here is how to do it:

Step 1: In Windows 11, navigate to Settings > System > Power & battery > Screen and sleep. In Windows 10, go to Settings > System > Power & sleep.

What to Do When Windows 10/11 Settings App Is Not Opening?
What to Do When Windows 10/11 Settings App Is Not Opening?

Is the Settings app not opening in Windows 10/11? What to do if you can’t access Settings? This post gives you some solutions to fix this issue.

Read More

Step 2: Then, choose Never under Sleep.

disable Sleep Mode

Fix 5: Cool Down Surface Pro

Too overheated Surface Pro usually shuts down suddenly. This overheating issue can be caused by many reasons like running too many processes & apps, dust, and other debris clogging up the fans and vents, putting the device on the bed, etc.

The important thing is to cool down this device. You can clear the dust, use a cooling pad, or put it in a cooler location. Note that whether you use a Surface Pro 9 or any other model, random shutdowns will continue to occur if the device is overheated. So, be careful where, when, and how you use it.

How to Fix Laptop Overheating and Rescue Your Data?
How to Fix Laptop Overheating and Rescue Your Data?

Are you looking for solutions to handling the laptop overheating issue? Now, we will show you how to reduce laptop heat and rescue the lost data in this post.

Read More

Fix 6: Run a Full Scan for Malware

Your computer shutting down randomly (seemingly out of nowhere) may derive from malware. Malicious software may perform several negative things, e.g., delete files, steal various login credentials, and even turn off your PC. In most cases, you don’t know you face a virus or malicious software.

Thus, run a full scan of the device when Surface Pro keeps shutting down. Windows 11/10 comes with an excellent antivirus app called Windows Security, also known as Windows Defender. It works greatly in scanning the full system and removing threats.

Do this, as follows:

Step 1: In the Windows 11/10 Search Box, type Windows Security and press Enter to open this tool.

Step 2: Navigate to Virus & threat protection > Scan options.

Step 3: Choose a scan option like Full scan and tap on Scan now. Or, you can choose Microsoft Defender Offline scan since some malware can be particularly hard to remove from your device and this scan option can help find and remove malware using up-to-date threat definitions.

Windows Security scan option

Step 4: The scan begins. Then, remove the detected various threats.

Is Windows Defender Offline Scan Not Working? Try 9 Ways Now!
Is Windows Defender Offline Scan Not Working? Try 9 Ways Now!

Is Windows Defender offline scan not working in Windows 11/10? If you are bothered by this issue, read this post to easily fix it.

Read More

Fix 7: Check Your Battery

Sometimes your Surface Pro shuts off when plugged in. The culprit behind this case could be issues with the battery.

You can check the battery status by going to Settings > System > Battery. Or, you can open Command Prompt as an administrator and execute the command – powercfg /batteryreport to get a detailed battery report, then open the HTML file via a web browser to view details.

How To Check The Battery Health Of Your Laptop
How To Check The Battery Health Of Your Laptop

The computer’s battery could lose charging capabilities as time goes by. You can check the battery health to determine whether you need a replacement.

Read More

If the battery health is poor, consider replacing the problematic battery.

Fix 8: Run Intel Graphics Command Center 

When Surface Pro 9, 8, 7+, 7, or 6 keeps turning off randomly, you can choose to install Intel Graphics Command Center and disable the Panel Self Refresh setting. This way has been proven to help remove random shutdowns.

Step 1: Open Microsoft Store in Windows 11/10, search for Intel Graphics Command Center, and install it on your laptop.

Step 2: After the installation, open this app and then navigate to System > Power > Power.

Step 3: Then disable the option of Panel Self Refresh.

disable Panel Self Refresh

Fix 9: Reset or Reinstall Windows 11/10

If all of the above solutions cannot address Surface Pro random shutdowns, the only way you can resort to is resetting or reinstalling your Windows operating system.

When we say “reset/reinstall”, it means reinstall the Windows system and applications. If you choose Remove everything as the resetting option or clean install Windows, your personal files are also erased besides the system and programs. This is why we advise you to create a full backup for your files before proceeding.

How to Reset a Surface Pro? Try 3 Simple Ways for Factory Reset
How to Reset a Surface Pro? Try 3 Simple Ways for Factory Reset

How to reset a Surface pro if your Microsoft Surface goes wrong due to some reasons? Read this post and you can find 3 useful ways for factory reset.

Read More

Back up Files

As mentioned in part 2, MiniTool ShadowMaker is a good assistant in PC backup. With this free backup software, you can easily backup files, folders, Windows, disks, and partitions. Also, disk cloning and file/folder sync are supported. Get it now and start the file backup before Windows reset/reinstallation.

MiniTool ShadowMaker TrialClick to Download100%Clean & Safe

Step 1: Open MiniTool ShadowMaker Trial Edition.

Step 2: Go to Backup, choose the files you want to back up, and select a drive to save the backup image.

Step 3: Start the backup by clicking Back Up Now.

Reset/Reinstall the System

After the backup, follow the steps below to reset Windows:

Step 1: In Windows 10, move to Settings > Update & Security > Recovery and click Get started under Reset this PC.

In Windows 11, go to Settings >  System > Recovery and click Reset PC next to Reset this PC.

Step 2: Choose an option – Keep my files or Remove everything.

reset Windows 10

Step 3: Decide how you would like to reinstall Windows – Cloud download or Local reinstall.

Cloud Download vs Local Reinstall: Differences on Win 10/11 Reset
Cloud Download vs Local Reinstall: Differences on Win 10/11 Reset

You can choose cloud download or local reinstall when resetting Windows 10/11. This post provides details about cloud download vs local reinstall.

Read More

Step 4: Complete the resetting process by following the instructions on the screen.

In addition to PC reset, you can also download an ISO file of Windows 11/10, burn it to a USB drive, run the Surface device from the bootable USB drive, and then perform a clean installation. Here is a related guide - How to Reinstall Windows 11? Try 3 Simple Ways Here Now.

If the issue still exists after trying 9 fixes, contact Microsoft support for help.

That’s all.

Wrap Things up

What if Surface Pro keeps shutting down or Surface Pro shuts off when plugged in? Take it easy if your Surface Pro 9. 8, 7+, 7, 6, etc. frequently shuts down, you can try multiple solutions to address this issue, as mentioned above.

Besides, if you have any other workarounds for Surface Pro random shutdowns, welcome to contact us by sending an email to [email protected]. Hope this post helps you a lot.

  • linkedin
  • reddit