What Is Linux and Its Main Functions & Application Areas [MiniTool Wiki]

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What Is Linux

Like Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Mac OS X, Linux is an operating system too. Linux operating system is a clone system evolving from the UNIX operating system. It was released on October 5, 1991 (the first time formally announced to the public). In MiniTool, you can acquire some manage skills on Windows Linux.

It has become the most popular UNIX-like operating system through Internet network and joint efforts made by computer enthusiasts across the world, and the number is still rapidly increasing.

Linux penetrates into every part of your life in fact, ranging from mobile phone, car, refrigerator to Roku device. Before Linux became the platform to run desktop, servers and embedded system in the world, it had become (and still is) one of the most reliable, secure operating systems.

If you would like to know how to create Linux partition, you can take this post as a reference: How to Create Linux Partition in 4K Hard Drive under Windows?

Linux is well-known for its high efficiency and flexibility. Linux’s modular design structure enables it to run both on expensive workstations and inexpensive PCs achieving full UNIX features with multi-tasking and multi-users capabilities.

Windows Linux

Linux can be acquired under GNU public permission and it’s an operating system that satisfies POSIX standard. The Linux operating system software includes a complete Linux operating system and application software such as text editors and advanced language compilers.

It also includes an X-Windows graphical user interface with multiple window managers, as we use Windows NT, allowing us to manipulate the system using windows, icons and menus.

What Can You Do with Linux

Linux can be used as a foundation in nearly all kinds of IT plans, including containers, cloud-native applications and security. It is the core of some largest fields and companies from knowledge sharing websites like Wikipedia and New York Stock Exchange to mobile devices running Android.

Linux has developed into the factual standard for running high availability, reliability and critical workloads in data centers and cloud deployments. With multiple use cases, distributions, target systems, devices and features, it can satisfy your demand and workload to a maximum extent.

Microsoft has accepted Linux and open source in other ways, and generated SQL Server for Linux and opened the .NET Framework (.NET Core / Mono) so that any platform can run it. Opening up the application of the framework in this way for developers using Linux. program.

By 2025, all SAP customers will transfer to SAP HANA - Memory Relational Database Management System - the system runs only on Linux. As of 2017, 50% of the SAP market is Windows customers.

Linux is still the operating system used in the future. More and more systems depend on their stability and extensibility.  

The Application of Linux 

The above introduced you what can you do with Linux, so some use skills will be talked in this section. If you are not clear about it, you can pay attention to the text. Linux is primarily used as an operating system of Servers because of its low price, flexibility and UNIX background.

In tradition, the Linux-based "LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python combination)" technology is popular among the developer community, providing the most commonly used platform for web service suppliers.

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Now you can run Pengwin, a new Linux distro in Windows 10 thanks to Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Read this post to learn more about the new system.

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Besides, Linux is often applied to the embedded system based on its low-costs and high flexibility, such as set up box, mobile phones and other mobile devices. Among mobile phones, Linux has become the leading competitor of Symbian OS, while among mobile devices it’s a third choice besides Windows CE and Palm OS.

Additionally, there are many hardware-type network firewalls and routers, such as some LinkSys products, which are internally driven by Linux and use the firewall and routing functions offered by the operating system.

With the implementation of OLPC's XO-1, ASUS's Eee PC and other low-cost computers, many people are optimistic as Linux's market share is growing rapidly in the low-end PC market.

However, the market share of Linux fell rapidly after Windows entered this market. At present, Windows systems now have an absolute advantage in all PC markets. 

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