Are you confused about the hal.dll BSOD Windows 10 issue? Do you know how to fix hal.dll errors? Here, MiniTool will analyze the possible causes for the hal.dll error and walk you through some effective methods.

The Causes of Hal.dll Errors

Hal.dll errors can happen to Windows 7/8/10 and Windows Vista with different error messages. Here are some common hal.dll BSOD error messages.

What causes the hal.dll Windows 10 error? There are multiple factors that can give rise to the error. For instance, the hal.dll file is missing or damaged by virus or malicious programs. If your computer shuts down by accident, you can also encounter this annoying issue.

In addition, the damaged hard drive is also responsible for the hal dll missing error. However, this possibility is rare. The error encountered up to now in Windows 7/8/10 and Windows Vista is mainly caused by issues with the master boot code.

Tip: However, if the error occurs to you, it is necessary to have a try and check if the damaged hard drive is the cause for the error.

Now, you should pick the following fixes to solve the hal.dll BSOD error.

Fix 1: Check the Boot Order in BIOS

If the drive that stores your frequently used Windows copy is not set as the first boot, you can encounter the hal.dll error.

Tip: If you have installed an internal hard drive and plugged external hard drive and changed the BIOS, you’d better check it.

As you are struck in blue screen and cannot boot your computer as normal, you need to boot the PC under the help of Windows 10 repair disk or USB drive. Here’s how to do.

Step 1: Plug in the Windows repair disk or USB drive to the target computer, and then press Delete, F2 or other necessary keys to enter BIOS.

Step 2: After that, navigate to Boot tab according to the given instruction at the bottom of the PhoenixBIOS Setup Utility page.

check the boot order in BIOS

Step 3: Check if the boot order is correct. If not, you can press the up or down arrow key to choose the correct boot drive, and then press the + or key to put the chosen drive to the first order. After that, press the F10 key (available for Windows 10) to confirm the operation, and then press Enter to make the operation take effect.

Fix 2: Run Surface Test

Though the situation that a damaged hard drive causes the hal.dll BSOD error is rare, it is still possible. To check whether there are bad sectors on the hard drive, you can utilize professional tools such as MiniTool Partition Wizard.

The Surface Test feature of this software enables you to scan your hard drive for bad sectors easily. It is a fantastic partition manager allowing you to delete files permanently, test your disk performance, check and fix file system errors and format hard drive, etc. If you would like to get it now, just click the button below.

Tip: As your computer cannot boot normally, you need to utilize a bootable media via MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Edition. The free edition doesn’t support this feature, which can be seen in edition comparison.

Step 1: Download and install MiniTool Partition Pro Edition on another computer that can run normally. Then, create a bootable media with the software. Here, as you need to use the media to the faulty computer, you should choose USB drive or ISO file when deciding the location of the media.

Tip: If you select ISO file, you have to burn it on external devices such as hard drive, USB flash drive, CD.

Step 2: Then, plug the prepared bootable media in the faulty computer. Now, reboot your PC under from the media, and then set it as the first boot in BIOS.

Step 3: Follow the on-screen instruction to go to the MiniTool PE Loader page. Then, the MiniTool Partition Wizard launch page will pop up. You can enter the main interface of this software simply by clicking the Launch Application option.

click on MiniTool parition wizard to launch the software

Step 4: After choosing the target drive (usually the C drive), click on Surface Test option in the left action panel.

choose the target drive and click on surface test option

Step 5: In the pop-up window, click on Start Now to carry out the operation. Then, the software will scan the drive for bad sectors. You just need to wait patiently for the finsih of the whole process. If there are red blocks in the scan result, it indicates that your hard drive has bad sectors.

click on start now to begin the process

How to deal with these bad sectors? You will find answers in this post: What to if you find bad sectors on hard drive in Windows 10/8/7

Fix 3: Update the Volume Boot Code

When the volume boot code is corrupted or damaged, you might see the hal.dll error. In this case, you should update the volume boot code (VBC) to use BOOTMGR to fix the error.

To update the volume boot code via Command Prompt, you need to reboot your computer with the help of a Windows 10 installation disk and set it as the top boot order in BIOS.

Step 1: Go to Windows Repair Environment by following the instruction on the screen.

Step 2: Select Troubleshoot > Command Prompt.

Step 3: In the prompt window, type bootsect /nt60 sys and click on Enter.

type the command and click enter

After that, the program will update the volume boot code on the partition that is used to boot Windows 10 to BOOTMGR automatically. Then, you will get the following information.

the volume boot code is updated successfully

Tip: If you fail to update the volume boot code and receive some erros messages or this operation doesn’t work, try typing bootsect /nt60 all instead.

Fix 4: Check File System

The file system of the hard drive can become damaged or corrupted due to issues such as disk write errors, power outages, virus attacks, etc. Under this circumstance, the operating system is unable to find hal.dll to boot and load Windows PC normally.

Therefore, it is necessary to check if your file system integrity is comprised or faulty. MiniTool Partition Wizard allows you to do that task with ease. Similarly, you are also required to get its pro edition.

Step 1: Restart your computer from the bootable media that has been created in advance, and then launch MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro Edition. Right click the target drive, and then select Check File System in the pop-up menu.

choose check file system in the elevated menu

Step 2: In the Check File System window, select Check & fix detected errors option and click on Start. Then, wait for the finish of the process.

select a check file system option and click start

After the whole process ends, the detected file system error on the target hard drive can be fixed. Then, you can check if the hal.dll error still persists.

You may also be interested in this: 7 Fixes to File System Error – 2147219196 [Fix 3 Works Well]

Fix 5: Repair Boot.ini

The boot.ini file is utilized by Windows for configuring and displaying its operating system options. If you are getting a boot.ini related error such as hal.dll BSOD and the hal.dll file is not corrupted or damaged, the boot.ini file is the one that to blame. Here are steps to repair boot.ini.

Step 1: Insert the Windows installation disk and restart the faulty PC.

Step 2: Press Del/F2 to ensure that Windows is set to boot from the disk.

Step 3: Exit the editor and boot from the Windows installation disk. When Windows loads, press R to enter the Recovery Console.

Step 4: Type attrib -h -r -s c:\boot.ini in the elevated window and hit Enter. When the “Parameter is wrong” error appears, ignore it and go on.

Step 5: Type the following commands one by one. After typing one command, press Enter to continue.

  • del c:\boot.ini
  • bootcfg /rebuild
  • y
  • Windows
  • /fastdetect
  • Fixboot
  • Y
  • Exit

Step 6: Reboot your computer and check if the hal.dll BSOD issue is fixed.

Fix 6: Repair System Files via SFC

You can make use of SFC (System File Checker) utility to scan and fix corrupted system files on Windows 7/8/10 and Windows Vista. Before starting the following steps, you should boot your PC from the Windows installation disk.

Step 1: After selecting a proper language, time and keyboard input, click Repair your computer in the Next page.

Step 2: Go to Troubleshoot > Command Prompt. (this is available for Windows 10)

Tip: Different Windows versions may have different steps to open the Command Prompt page.

Step 3: In the prompt page, type the command sfc /scannow and hit Enter.

type the sfc command and execute it

Fix 7: Perform a Clean Install of Windows OS

If all the above solutions fail to fix the hal.dll error, try conducting a clean Windows OS installation process. That is to say everything on your hard drive will be erased and a completely new copy of Windows will be installed.

You can read this post to get more details about Windows 10 reset vs clean install vs fresh start and how to clean install Windows 10.

Windows 10 Reset VS Clean Install VS Fresh Start, Detailed Guide!
Windows 10 Reset VS Clean Install VS Fresh Start, Detailed Guide!

Windows 10 reset VS clean install VS fresh start, what’s the difference? Read this post to learn them and choose a proper one for OS reinstallation.

Read More

I fixed the hal.dll missing issue with the methods given by MiniTool. Are you still troubled by it? You can read this post and utilize the offered methods to solve it. Click to tweet


In conclusion, this post introduces you the possible causes for hal.dll BSOD Windows 10 error and top 7 fixes to solve it. As you can see, solving this issue is not hard. You can randomly pick one from the given solutions.

Of course, if you are not sure which one is the best method, you can try them one by one until the issue is resolved successfully. If you have any doubt about MiniTool software, please contact us by writing an email via [email protected].

Hal.dll FAQ

What is hal.dll?
Hal.dll (Hardware Abstraction Layer) is regarded as the middleware between the kernel and the raw metal. It is related with BSOD crashes, but it won’t cause Windows operating system crashing on its own in most cases.
What loads hal.dll?
Winload.exe loads Hal.dll. The Hal.dll contains the Hardware Abstraction Layer that offers the low-level hardware-dependent interfaces to the NT kernel. Then Winload.exe loads all the device drivers that are marked as “BOOT” in the Registry.
What does Hal DLL do?
It enables Windows to interface with the unique chipsets that belong to specific motherboards. Computer engineers state the hal.dll file as an abstract core kernel driver that enables Windows-powered PCs to work with Intel and AMD CPUs.
How to fix hal.dll error?

Here are top 7 methods to help you fix the error.

  1. Check the Boot Order in BIOS
  2. Run Surface Test via MiniTool Partition Wizard
  3. Update the Volume Boot Code to BOOTMGR
  4. Check File System
  5. Rebuild Boot.ini
  6. Repair System Files via SFC Utility
  7. Perform a Clean Install of Windows OS
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