If you want to know the different types of firewalls and want to learn which one to choose, you can read this post. Besides, this post from MiniTool tells you a firewall alternative for you to protect your Computer. Now, keep on your reading.

What Is a Firewall?

First of all, you should have a basic knowledge of the firewall. A firewall is a network security device that monitors incoming and outgoing network traffic and allows or blocks data packets based on a set of security rules.

The goal is to create a barrier between your internal network and incoming traffic from external sources, such as the Internet, to prevent malicious traffic like viruses and hackers. Maybe, you are interested in this post - Top 10 Anti Hacking Software to Protect Your Computer.

Nowadays, there are many types of firewalls and maybe you don’t know which one to choose. Thus, in the next part, I will introduce the detailed information about the several types of firewalls. You can know the advantages and disadvantages of each one. Then, you can know which one you should choose.

Types of Firewalls

What are the different types of firewalls? What are the 3 types of firewalls? These questions are often asked. Actually, there are 8 firewall types - packet-filtering network firewalls, web application firewalls, unified threat management (UTM) appliances, network segmentation firewalls, cloud-based firewalls, database firewalls, circuit-level gateways, stateful multilayer inspection firewall.

1. Packet-Filtering Network Firewalls

Packet-filtering network firewalls are also called traditional network firewalls. They help to prevent unwanted traffic from entering the corporate network to provide necessary network protection.

They apply a set of network firewall security rules to determine whether to allow or deny access to the network. The firewall simply checks packets passing through the router. The checked information includes destination and originating IP address, packet type, port number, and other surface-level information.

Advantages

  • It doesn’t waste sources and doesn’t have a huge impact on system performance.
  • It’s easy to implement by using permission and denial statements.
  • Compared with the deep packet inspection technique, the CPU intensity is lower.
  • It can be configured on almost every Cisco IOS.

Disadvantages

  • It cannot mitigate IP spoofing attacks.
  • The ACL is difficult to maintain as the size increases.
  • It can’t implement filtering based on the session state.

2. Web Application Firewalls

Web application firewalls can protect web applications from various application-layer attacks, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and cookie poisoning. You can stop a series of attacks designed to steal data by sabotaging the system with the correct web application firewall.

Advantages

  • It can protect applications from port scanning.
  • It is prone to security vulnerabilities and easier to patch.

Disadvantages

It can't easily support all applications, and it will reduce the performance of protected applications for end-users.

3. Unified Threat Management Appliances

Unified threat management (UTM) appliances provide almost complete security solutions for small and medium enterprises. Typical UTM functions include traditional firewalls, intrusion detection systems, Internet gateway security, and URL blacklists.

Although most UTM can protect network security well, if you want to get better protection, you need the best-in-class solutions for each security function. If you don’t have dedicated security personnel and lack the skills required for configuration point solutions, UTM is a great choice for you.

Advantages

  • It’s easy to use and convenient to manage.
  • It can satisfy all of your demands after purchasing it.
  • It can provide additional security services, but additional licensing fees need to be paid.

Disadvantages

It may not provide the same level of protection as a more complex product.

4. Network Segmentation Firewalls

Network segmentation firewall is also one of the firewall types. It is also called the internal network firewall, which is used to protect sites, functional areas, departments, or other business units by flowing network traffic. It can also be used to provide additional protection for network areas that need to be secured, such as databases or R&D units.

Advantages

If an attacker can access the network, the firewall may make it more difficult for them to access particularly sensitive data.

Disadvantages

It may cause performance and availability issues and may cause the failure of some network services.

5. Cloud-Based Firewalls

The cloud firewall provided as a service is configured and maintained by a security professional specializing in firewall management, so it can provide a very good level of protection for the assets it protects.

It can protect the network, applications, databases, and other IT resources. They are usually achieved by configuring corporate routers to divert traffic to cloud-based firewalls, while mobile users can connect to it through a VPN or use it as a proxy.

Related Article: How to Set Up a VPN on Your Windows 10 PC [Full Guide]

Advantages

  • It is highly scalable.
  • Multiple sites can be protected by it.

Disadvantages

Service providers are unlikely to keep up with the specific security requirements of their customers like insiders.

6. Database Firewalls

Database firewalls are a subset of web application firewalls. They are usually installed directly in front of the database server they protect. They are designed to detect and prevent specific database attacks. These attacks may lead attackers to access confidential information stored in the database.

Advantages

It monitors and audits database access and generates compliance reports for regulatory purposes.

Disadvantages

  • They will only work if they are properly configured and updated.
  • There are few protective measures against vulnerabilities.

7. Circuit-Level Gateways

Circuit-level gateways use another relatively fast method to identify malicious content. When they are established between the local and remote hosts, they monitor the TCP handshake and other network protocol session initiation messages on the network to determine whether the initiating session is legitimate.

Advantages

It can save sources.

Disadvantages

It doesn’t check the packet itself.

8. Stateful Multilayer Inspection Firewall

Stateful multilayer inspection firewalls combine packet inspection technology with TCP handshake verification. Compared with other firewalls, it can provide a higher protection level. Stateful inspections and firewalls that use this technology usually reject any traffic between trusted and untrusted interfaces.

Advantages

  • It helps in filtering unexpected traffic
  • It can be implemented on a broad range of routers and firewalls
  • It can help migrate denial of service (DDOS) attacks.

Disadvantages

  • It can’t mitigate application-layer attacks.
  • Expect for TCP, other protocols do not have well-defined state information to be used by the firewall.
  • Some applications may use more than one port for successful operation.

Which One Should You Choose

No matter how powerful the firewall is, there is no single layer of protection enough to protect your business. Your network should have multiple layers of firewalls on the periphery and separate different assets on the network to provide better protection.

The specific firewalls that you want to use are depending on the capabilities of the network, the relevant compliance requirements of the industry, and the resources used to manage these firewalls. Thus, before choosing the firewall, you should conduct a security policy review and evaluation.

Now, you have known the types of firewalls and which one you should choose.Click to Tweet

A Firewall Alternative to Protect Your Computer

In addition to these different types of firewalls, a great backup software - MiniTool ShadowMaker is also a powerful tool to protect your Windows. It is an all-around and free backup software designed for Windows 10/8/7, providing you with a data protection & disaster recovery solution.

Besides backing up the system, this software can also be used to back up files, folders as well as the partitions. It is also a clone tool that can help you to clone the OS from HDD to SSD without data loss. So, besides creating a system image, you can also choose to clone the OS disk to another hard drive to get the Windows system without reinstalling.

MiniTool ShadowMaker also supports restore Windows backup to a different PC with dissimilar hardware. This post - How Can You Do Windows Backup Restore to Different Computer can help you do that.

Now you can download and try MiniTool ShadowMaker Trial Edition to do the backup task.

Free Download

Let’s see how to use MiniTool ShadowMaker to back up your files.

Step 1: Decide a Backup Mode

  1. Launch MiniTool ShadowMaker.
  2. Continue to use the trial edition by clicking Keep Trial.
  3. Choose This computer to continue by clicking the Connect button.

choose This computer to connect and get the main interface

Step 2: Choose the Backup Source

  1. Under the Backup page, click Source to choose the backup type - Folders and Files.
  2. Select the files you need to back up and click OK.

Step 3: Choose a Destination Path

  1. Click the Destination tab.
  2. Choose one partition to store your files based on your needs and click OK.

select the drive you want to store the disk image

Step 4: Start the Backup Process

  1. Go back to the previous interface.
  2. Click Back up Now to start the process immediately or choose Back up Later to delay the backup task.

create a disk image now or later

Now, you have backed up your important files successfully.

Tip: To back up files automatically, you can click Schedule in the Backup page. MiniTool ShadowMaker can back up your important files regularly after turning this feature on to specify a time point.

You can use another feature of MiniTool ShadowMaker to back up files: Sync. Here is how to sync files:

Step 1: After launching MiniTool ShadowMaker, go to the Sync page.

Step 2: Click the Source and Destination module to choose the files that you want to sync and the storage path.

Step 3: Click the Sync Now button to immediately perform the sync process.

click the Sync Now button to immediately perform the sync process

Also see: 5 Useful Solutions to Sync Files Among Multiple Computers

MiniTool ShadowMaker is a user-friendly program that assists me in backing up files to protect my PC. I’d like to share it with more friends.Click to Tweet

Bottom Line

This post has briefly shown you what firewall is and the different types of firewalls. Besides, this post also introduces you to a powerful program - MiniTool ShadowMaker, which can help you back up data to protect it. 

If you have any problems when you are using our program, please let us know. Or if you have any suggestions, also tell us. Sending an email to [email protected] or leaving a comment below is available.

Types of Firewalls FAQ

What are the 3 types of firewalls?
The 3 basic types of firewalls are packet filters, stateful inspection, and proxy server firewalls.
What is the best type of firewall?
The stateful inspection firewall is the best type of firewall. It is also known as dynamic pack filtering. It is stronger than a packet filtering firewall and it can scan much more than the packet header.
How do you kill a firewall?

Here are some tips for you to kill a firewall.

  1. Use a web-based proxy.
  2. Use a VPN.
  3. Use remote access to your PC.
Do I need a firewall at home?
Yes, you need a firewall at home. There are 2 types of firewalls - the hardware firewall and the software firewall. If you use a router to connect the PC to the Internet, there is already a firewall built into your security since the router acts as a hardware firewall.
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