> Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing

4 Ways to Fix Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing

Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing

Have you ever heard of the Boot Configuration Data (BCD)? Do you know what happens if the Boot Configuration Data file is missing in Windows 10? A true example from answers.microsoft.com is shown here:

During the "setup" phase (~80%) of installing Windows RT 8.1, the Surface RT rebooted.
Upon reboot, I get the following message:
"Recovery
Your PC needs to be repaired
The Boot Configuration Data file is missing some required information.
File: \BCD
Error Code: 0xc0000034
You'll need to use the recovery tools on your installation media. If you don't have any installation media (like a disc or USB device), contact your system administrator or PC manufacturer."

Any idea what (if anything) that I can do to recover?

SEE! If the Boot Configuration Data is missing in Windows 8, you cannot boot your computer normally and you'll see an error message, as shown below.

the Boot Configuration Data file is missing some required information

Generally speaking, the BCD is missing error occurs when either of the following conditions is true:

  • The Windows Boot Manager (Bootmgr) entry is not present in the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) store.
    Note: if your boot manager is missing, you can find answers from this post: Fix BOOTMGR Is Missing Error on PC in Windows 7/8/10.
  • The Boot\BCD file on the active partition is damaged or missing.

Fortunately, your data isn't lost forever and you can get it back with an effective data recovery solution when you get the error message "The Windows Boot Configuration Data file is missing required information". However, the bad news is that you have to do a little work to fix the BCD is missing error.

Video Tutorial: How Do I Solve - the Boot Configuration Data file for your PC is missing or contains errors

Now, in today's post, I am going to show you how to recover lost data when PC cannot boot and how to fix Boot Configuration Data is missing in Windows 8 and other OSs.

Part 1. Recover Data from BCD Missing Windows

If you get an error message when you start Windows 10/8/7: "The Boot Configuration Data for your PC is missing or contains errors (as shown below)," you don't need to worry about data loss.

file for your pc is missing or contains errors

Here, MiniTool Power Data Recovery, a professional data recovery software developed by famous software development company based in Canada, offers MiniTool Power Data Recovery Bootable 7.5 which can help you effectively and quickly recover lost data from BCD missing Windows because of its excellent performance and clear & intuitive user interface. More importantly, it is a read-only tool. Thus, it can help to safely and effectively recover lost data without damaging the original data. NOTE: Only the Deluxe and above versions offer MiniTool Bootable Media Builder. Here, you can try using Personal Deluxe.

Now, let's see the detailed steps.

1) First, you need to download and install MiniTool Power Data Recovery on another computer.

2) Launch MiniTool Power Data Recovery, and then click this bootable icon in the bottom of the main interface. After that, follow wizards to create bootable CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.

bootable edition

3) Boot your PC whose BCD is missing from the MiniTool bootable disk to get the MiniTool PE Loader interface as shown below.

MiniToool PE Loader

4) Select MiniTool Power Data Recovery to get the following window.

boot damaged

5) Now, select Damaged Partition Recovery to recover lost data from Windows whose Boot Configuration Data file is missing.

Note: in this window, we can see 5 different data recovery modules, and each of them focuses on different data loss scenarios.
  • Undelete Recovery: focuses on recovering deleted files emptied from the Windows Recycle Bin and files deleted by using Shift & Delete.
  • Damaged Partition Recovery: recovers files from existing partition, such as logically damaged partition, reformatted partition, and drive displayed as raw. In fact, as long as the partition exists, you can recover lost data by using this module.
  • Lost Partition Recovery: is mainly designed to recover data from lost/deleted partition.
  • Digital Media Recovery: helps you recover photo, music, and video files from various digital media storage devices, such as flash drive, mp3 player, digital camera, and hard drive.
  • CD/DVD Recovery: can recover lost and deleted files from damaged, scratched or defective CD and DVD disks.

6) Select the drive you want to recover and then click on Full Scan button at the lower right corner to begin full scanning on the device. Here, you can click on Settings feature and then specify needed file system (such as FAT12/16/32, NTFS, and NTFS+) and file types (including Documents, Archive, Graphics/Picture, Audio, E-mail, Database and other files) before scanning.

boot full scan

7) Select all needed files, and click on Save button to store them on a safe place. Here, since you cannot boot your Windows because the Boot Configuration Data file is missing, you can try saving all needed files in a healthy removable drive.

boot save

Tips
  • If you are recovering pictures, you can preview them before recovering.
  • If there are a lot of found files in this window, you can use the Filter feature to filter out needless files. For instance, you can choose "*.jpg,*.gif,*.png,*.psd,*.tif" from the drop-list of By Filename/Extension and then click on OK button if you only want to recover precious family photos, wedding photos, and other photos, as shown below.

filter

Part 2. FIX - Boot Configuration Data File Is Missing Some Required Information

As we know, when you boot your Windows machine, it checks all the necessary configuration files required to make a successful startup. Therefore, if any of the file involved in this process is corrupted or missing, Windows would not be able to boot the system at all. Here, if the BCD boot file is corrupted or missing, you're likely to receive a message that reads, "The Boot Configuration Data for your PC is missing or contains errors." Generally speaking, "The Boot Configuration Data file is missing" is accompanied by an error code 0xc0000034 and this error is a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) error which results in a serious problem.

recommend Top recommendation: How Do I Solve Windows 10 Booting to a Black Screen with Ease.

However, don't worry! If your Windows 10/8.1/8 is unable to boot due to error "The Boot Configuration Data file is missing some required information", you can try the following 4 solutions to troubleshoot this issue.

WAY 1. Run Startup/Automatic Repair

To fix the BCD is missing issue, you can use the recovery tools on your installation media like DVD or USB to repair your Windows installation. Next, follow these steps:

1) Insert the Windows bootable installation disk and restart your PC. (Here, we take Windows 10 installation disk for example to show how to fix the error code: 0xc0000034.)

2) When prompted to Press any key to boot from CD or DVD, press any key to continue.

press any key to boot from CD or DVD

3) Select your language preferences in the Windows Setup interface, and click on Next.

4) Click on Repair your computer in the bottom-left.

Repair your computer

5) Under Choose an option, select Troubleshoot.

click Troubleshoot

6) On the Advanced options screen, click on Automatic Repair.

click Automatic Repair or Startup Repair

7) Wait until the Windows Automatic Repair complete.

Restart your Windows and check whether you still receive "The Boot Configuration Data file is missing" error message in your Windows 10. If yes, continue the next method.

recommend Top recommendation: How Do I Solve - Windows Automatic Repair Not Working.

WAY 2. Rebuild the BCD in Windows by using the Bootrec.exe tool

If the previous method does not resolve the problem "The Boot Configuration Data for your PC is missing or contains errors", you can rebuild the BCD by using the Bootrec.exe tool in the Windows Recovery Environment.

1) Insert the Windows bootable drive and boot from it.
2) Select your language preferences, and click Next.
3) After selecting language, press Shift + F10 to open command prompt.
4) Type the following commands and press Enter after each of them:

bootrec.exe /Rebuildbcd
bootrec.exe /Fixmbr
bootrec.exe /Fixboot

bootrecexe

5) Type the following commands in cmd if the above command fails:

bcdedit /export C:\BCD_Backup
c:
cd boot
attrib bcd -s -h -r
ren c:\boot\bcd bcd.old
bootrec /RebuildBcd

bcdedit

6) Type exit and press Enter.

7) Finally, restart your PC.

If this method still cannot fix the Boot Configuration Data file is missing in Windows 10, then you can try the next method to fix the BCD is missing issue.

WAY 3. Set correct partition as active

Some users reported that they encountered "The Boot Configuration Data file is missing some required information" issue because they had set a wrong partition as active. And now, to fix the Boot Configuration Data file is missing issue, they need to set the correct partition as active. However, how?

Fortunately, MiniTool Partition Wizard, the best professional partition manager for advanced users, can help to set partition as active easily and quickly. The steps are shown below.

1) Get MiniTool Partition Wizard, install it on another computer, and then launch it. Here, you can try the MiniTool Partition Wizard Pro because you cannot boot your Windows. Get it here with discounts.

2) Choose Bootable Media icon at the top right to launch the Bootable Media Builder. And then, follow the wizards to create a bootable CD, DVD, or USB flash drive.

Bootable Media

3) Boot your Windows by using the bootable disc. After successful boot, you'll get the following window:

set inactive

4) Select the partition that was mistakenly marked as active and click on Set Inactive from the left action panel.

5) Select the system partition and click on Set Active.

set active

6) After that, click on Apply button on the top left corner to perform all operations.

apply

Finally, restart your Windows and then check whether you still get the Boot Configuration Data file is missing issue.

recommend Top Recommendation:
Want to know more ways about setting a correct partition as active? Now, please refer to this post: Here Are 3 Solutions after Accidentally Marking Drive C Active.

WAY 4. Create BCD

If you still get the error code: 0xc0000034 after trying the above 3 methods, you can try the last method - creating BCD. The steps are described here.

1) Insert the Windows bootable drive to your computer and boot from it.
2) Select your language preferences, and click on Next button to continue.
3) Click on Repair your computer.
4) Choose Troubleshoot.
5) Click on Command Prompt.

open command prompt

6) Type the following command and press Enter key.

bcdboot c:\windows

7) The above command will the copy BCDboot file from existing Windows partition to motherboard partition and create the BCD in the same partition.

8) Restart your PC.

Bottom Line

Are you still worrying about the Boot Configuration Data file is missing in Windows 8? Now, try the above 4 methods.

If you have any other good solutions about "The Boot Configuration Data file for your PC is missing or contains errors" issue, please share it with us in the comments below, thanks. On the other hand, should you have any questions about MiniTool software, please feel free to contact us via [email protected] We will solve it as soon as possible.